April 20. 2021. Slightly decreased the drag coefficient for sails, resulting in some higher wind speeds.
April 20. 2021. FSC GUI, FSC CLI. The preset fictitious fin areas are better adapted to my real fins and still only serve to get familiar with the dependencies. Your own fins may differ considerably!
April 19, 2021. The fin area is now preset with a fictitious values in all FSC apps. Please replace it with your own value. In the native OpenAsApp, the preset can be reactivated with a data reset (see Settings). For online apps, a reload is fine.
March 19. 2021. Rounding errors have been made to match the FSC GUI.
March 17. 2021. FSC CLI - In the fin area comment, the sail size for default conditions is now always displayed.
March 13. 2021. FSC GUI (Java) also runable on 32 bit machines.
Bft values are now correctly rounded only down.
The ordering of the wind units has been adapted to the weather forecast of this website as well as for the newly added native FSC CLI (Windows).
February 8, 2021. The FSC is now also available as 64 bit Java download.
October 6, 2020. Recalculation of the wind speed. The lift coefficient of a fin is usually an unknown parameter. But it is essential for the wind speed. With the available values, length and area the lift coefficient can only be determined roughly. With the new determined value, the wind speed can deviate by one knot compared to the previous calculations and in case of Formula up to two knots downwards.
September 9, 2020. Published the FSC as an EXCEL spreadsheet.
September 4, 2020. Print function of the hybrid app extended with imperial units.
September 3, 2020. Data structure adapted to not yet published versions. This only changed the display, not the formulas. Removed the beta status for the wind speed. For a faster familiarization with the calculator, the input fields are now preset and can be replaced with your own data.
July 9, 2020. If the fin area is not available, the +/- buttons can now be used to change the sail size in 0.1 steps.
February 16, 2020. Wind speed error correction.
February 13, 2020. Correlation between app and print. Description.
February 12, 2020. Wind speed- optional. (BETA)
January 21, 2020. Altitude and weather data can be accessed together.
The sail size is mainly limited by the choice of the fin, or more precisely by its area, whereby surface elevation, outside temperature and relative humidity are taken into account. The maximum sail size that a fin can withstand during gliding is calculated. Whether this sail size fits you is at your own discretion. The Fin to Sail Size Calculator can only serve as a non-binding guide. The calculated sail size refers to the given fin, not to its surfer!
λ (Lambda) is the aspect ratio. The higher the value, the slimmer the fin. Formula can reach values up to 8. (See also explanation of equation (5) in FSC_Physik.pdf, currently only available in German.)
The PRINT of the hybrid app creates an EXCEL overview as a PDF file. (The pop-up blocker has to be deactivated.) Up to three fins can be entered.
No values are assumed outside the specified limits.
Fin Length: 1 – 100 cm;
Fin Area: 14 – 1000 cm ²;
Sail Size: 0 – <13 m ²;
Air Temperature: -5 – 50 °C, default 15°C;
Relative Humidity: 0 – 100%, default 0%;
Altitude: 0 – 1950 m, default 0 m.
Surfer: 0 - 250 kg. Default 0 kg - with this setting the wind speed fields are hidden.
Wind units: 0 = m/s (default), 1 = Bft, 2 = kts, 3 = km/h, 4 = mph.
Higher values for altitude, temperature or humidity tend to increase the sail size, lower values tend to decrease it. As comparison, the sail size for the default settings is always displayed.
The wind speed is an upper limit!
Notes. The GPS determines the altitude, the height above sea level. On the ground level it corresponds to the elevation.
The FSC offers the possibility to retrieve site-related data. A click on the weather icon 🌦 opens the page. Closing it will return you to the FSC. The altitude is the result of a built-in GPS. If it is not or only poorly available, the elevation is queried in a device adequate resolution via elevation.api.io.
The raw weather data are requested from openweathermap as metric, values of other units are rounded.
Tip. If you do not know the area of your fin, you can draw its outline on a sheet of paper, draw parallel lines starting 0.5 cm below the fin head in 1 cm steps and add up their lengths. The result comes very close to the real fin area. If this is too much work for you, you can specify a preferred sail size instead. This is marked red in the output file to indicate that no real fin area has been used. But be careful, the slimmer the fin, the more this emergency solution deviates from reality.
Disclaimer. Windsurfing can be a dangerous sport. I am not responsible for any damage or injury resulting from the use of this website and/or the Fin to Sail Size Calculator.